Molecular genetics of multiple endocrine neoplasia types 1 and 2

Nat Rev Cancer. 2005 May;5(5):367-75. doi: 10.1038/nrc1610.


Six multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndromes have received a level of attention that might seem disproportionate to their low prevalence. The attention has been given because their hormonal excesses cause striking metabolic expressions and because they might clarify pathways disrupted in more common tumours. The recent discovery of the main gene in each MEN syndrome has furthered our understanding of not only hereditary but also sporadic tumours and has fostered new avenues of research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 / genetics*
  • Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2a / genetics*
  • Mutation
  • Oncogene Proteins / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / physiology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ret
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics


  • MEN1 protein, human
  • Oncogene Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ret
  • RET protein, human
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases