Adrenomedullin (AM), an ubiquitous regulatory peptide with different actions, is known to be elevated in different clinical situations, including diabetes mellitus (DM), but its potential role in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular complications is not clear. In the present study, we examined plasma total AM levels, and their association with different markers of endothelial dysfunction and with other established risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, in patients with Type 1 DM. We studied a total of 155 patients, 117 patients without any kind of vascular complications, 24 patients with retinopathy only, and 14 patients with retinopathy and microalbuminuria but normal renal function. None of them had clinical evidence of atherosclerotic disease. Compared with the control group (64 healthy participants), patients had raised fibrinogen, soluble E-selectin ((s)E-selectin), vascular cellular adhesion molecule (VCAM), angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), and von Willebrand factor (vWf) (P<.001 in all cases), but plasma total AM, endothelin (ET), sialic acid, and homocysteine were not raised. In the diabetic group, AM levels correlated significantly with sialic acid (r=.16; P<.05), but a more significant correlation was found with fibrinogen (r=.30; P<.001). No correlation was found with the other parameters studied. In summary, plasma total AM levels seem to correlate with inflammatory markers but not with endothelial dysfunction markers in Type 1 diabetic patients without atherosclerotic disease.