Randomised controlled trial of cardioprotective diet in patients with recent acute myocardial infarction: results of one year follow up

BMJ. 1992 Apr 18;304(6833):1015-9. doi: 10.1136/bmj.304.6833.1015.

Abstract

Objective: To test whether a fat reduced diet rich in soluble dietary fibre, antioxidant vitamins, and minerals reduces complications and mortality after acute myocardial infarction.

Design: Randomised, single blind, controlled trial.

Setting: Primary and secondary care research centre for patients with myocardial infarction.

Subjects: 505 patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction. Those with definite or possible acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina based on World Health Organisation criteria were assigned to diet A (n = 204) or diet B (n = 202) within 24-48 hours of infarction.

Interventions: Both groups were advised to follow a fat reduced diet. Group A was also advised to eat more fruit, vegetables, nuts, and grain products.

Main outcome measures: Mortality from cardiac disease and other causes. Serum lipid concentrations and compliance with diet.

Results: Blood lipoprotein concentrations and body weight fell significantly in patients in group A compared with those in group B (cholesterol fell by 0.74 mmol/l in group A v 0.32 mmol/l in group B, 95% confidence interval of difference 0.14 to 0.70, and weight by 7.1 v 3.0 kg, 0.52 to 7.68). The incidence of cardiac events was significantly lower in group A than group B (50 v 82 patients, p less than 0.001). Group A also had lower total mortality (21 v 38 died, p less than 0.01) than group B.

Conclusions: Comprehensive dietary changes in conjunction with weight loss immediately after acute myocardial infarction may modulate blood lipoproteins and significantly reduce complications and mortality after one year.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood
  • Lipoproteins / blood
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / blood
  • Myocardial Infarction / diet therapy*
  • Myocardial Infarction / mortality
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Smoking
  • Weight Loss / physiology

Substances

  • Lipids
  • Lipoproteins