Age and propranolol stereoselective disposition in humans

Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1992 May;51(5):489-94. doi: 10.1038/clpt.1992.52.

Abstract

The apparent oral clearance of S(-)- and R(+)-propranolol as a function of age was evaluated in 53 healthy male volunteers (age range, 21 to 84 years) after a single 40 mg oral dose of the racemic mixture. No significant age-associated change in the total (bound plus unbound) and unbound S(-) and R(+) apparent oral clearance was observed (p greater than 0.05). Stereoselectivity in apparent oral clearance (both total and unbound) remained unaffected by advancing age (p greater than 0.05). The relationship between age and propranolol enantiomer plasma protein binding was also evaluated in 70 subjects, 53 of whom were from this study (age range, 21 to 89 years). Plasma free fractions for S(-)- and R(+)-propranolol were unchanged with increasing age (p greater than 0.05), even though the binding was stereoselective (plasma free fractions for R(+) greater than plasma free fractions for S(-); p less than 0.05). The findings from this relatively large and extensive study indicate that age does not influence the stereoselective disposition of propranolol.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Clearance Rate
  • Middle Aged
  • Propranolol / administration & dosage
  • Propranolol / pharmacokinetics*

Substances

  • Propranolol