A dominant, single nuclear gene mutation, CSE1, caused inositol auxotrophy in yeast cells. The inositol requirement was marked when choline was present in the medium. Inositol-1-phosphate synthase, the regulatory enzyme of inositol synthesis, is repressed by inositol, or more profoundly by a combination of inositol and choline in the wild type. In CSE1, the level of inositol-1-phosphate synthase was low and was greatly repressed on the addition of choline alone. In accordance with this, INO1 mRNA encoding the enzyme was low even under the depressed conditions and was profoundly decreased by choline in CSE1. But in the wild type, the addition of choline alone had little effect. An INO1-lacZ fusion was constructed and the control of the INO1 promoter in CSE1 was studied. lacZ expression was repressed not only by inositol, but also by choline in CSE1, whereas it was repressed by inositol, but only slightly by choline in the wild type. CSE1 was unlinked to the INO1 structural gene. Thus CSE1 was thought to be a regulatory mutation. Furthermore, when the CDP-choline pathway was mutationally blocked, choline did not affect INO1 expression, indicating that the metabolism of choline via the CDP-choline pathway is required for INO1 repression.