Sequencing, cloning, and expression of human red cell-type acid phosphatase, a cytoplasmic phosphotyrosyl protein phosphatase

J Biol Chem. 1992 May 25;267(15):10856-65.


Low molecular weight phosphotyrosyl protein phosphatases of human placenta and human red cell were purified and sequenced by a combination of Edman degradation and tandem mass spectrometry. Screening of a human placental lambda gt11 cDNA library yielded overlapping cDNA clones coding for two distinct human cytoplasmic low molecular weight phosphotyrosyl protein phosphatases (HCPTPs). The two longest clones, designated HCPTP1-1 and HCPTP2-1, were found to have identical nucleotide sequences, with the exception of a 108-base pair segment in the middle of the open reading frame. Polymerase chain reaction studies with human genomic DNA suggest that the difference between HCPTP1-1 and HCPTP2-1 does not result from alternative RNA splicing. Studies with a human chromosome 2-specific library confirmed that these sequences are located on chromosome 2, which is known to be the location of red cell acid phosphatase locus ACP1. The coding sequences of HCPTP1-1 and HCPTP2-1 were placed downstream from a bacteriophage T7 promoter and the proteins were expressed in Escherichia coli. The resulting recombinant enzymes (designated HCPTP-A and HCPTP-B, respectively) showed molecular weights of 18,000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and both of them exhibited immunoreactivity with antisera raised against authentic human placental and bovine heart enzymes. The expressed proteins were highly active towards the phosphatase substrates p-nitrophenyl phosphate, beta-naphthyl phosphate, and O-phospho-L-tyrosine, but not alpha-naphthyl phosphate, threonine phosphate, or O-phospho-L-serine. HCPTP-A and -B possessed effectively identical amino acid compositions, immunoreactivities, inhibition by formaldehyde, and kinetic properties when compared with two human red cell acid phosphatase isoenzymes. It is concluded that HCPTP-A and -B are the fast and slow forms of red cell acid phosphatase, respectively, and that this enzyme is not unique to the red cell but is instead expressed in all human tissues.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acid Phosphatase / genetics*
  • Acid Phosphatase / metabolism
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA / genetics
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Erythrocytes / enzymology*
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Gene Expression
  • Genes, Bacterial
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes / genetics*
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Isoenzymes
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • DNA
  • Acid Phosphatase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/L01141
  • GENBANK/M83653
  • GENBANK/M83654
  • GENBANK/M86711
  • GENBANK/M87859
  • GENBANK/M87860
  • GENBANK/S96735
  • GENBANK/S96741
  • GENBANK/S96751
  • GENBANK/S96754