To clarify the function of P2 receptor subtypes in mouse stomach, the motor responses to ATP, alpha,beta-methyleneATP (alpha,beta-MeATP), P2X receptor agonist, 2-methylthioATP (2-MeSATP), P2Y receptor agonist, and the effects of the desensitisation of P2X receptors with alpha,beta-MeATP and of P2Y receptors with ADPbetaS were analysed recording the endoluminal pressure from whole-organ. ATP-induced relaxation was antagonised by suramin, non-selective P2 receptor antagonist, by desensitisation of P2Y receptors with ADPbetaS, and increased by desensitisation of P2X receptors with alpha,beta-MeATP. alpha,beta-MeATP produced biphasic responses: relaxation, reduced by P2X- or P2Y desensitisation, and contraction, almost abolished by P2X desensitisation and potentiated by P2Y desensitisation. 2-MeSATP induced relaxation, which was antagonised by P2Y desensitisation and increased by P2X desensitisation. Tetrodotoxin increased the relaxation induced by purines and deeply antagonised the contraction to alpha,beta-MeATP. Our results suggest that in mouse stomach are present muscular P2Y receptors, subserving relaxation, and neuronal presynaptic P2X receptors, mediating contraction.