Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 89 (1), L04-6

Cholesterol-enriched Lipid Domains Can Be Visualized by di-4-ANEPPDHQ With Linear and Nonlinear Optics

Affiliations

Cholesterol-enriched Lipid Domains Can Be Visualized by di-4-ANEPPDHQ With Linear and Nonlinear Optics

Lei Jin et al. Biophys J.

Abstract

We present a membrane-staining dye, di-4-ANEPPDHQ, which differentiates liquid-ordered phases from liquid-disordered phases coexisting in model membranes under both linear and nonlinear microscopies. The dye's fluorescence emission spectrum is blue-shifted 60 nm in liquid-ordered phases compared with liquid-disordered phases, and shows strong second harmonic generation in the liquid-disordered phase compared with the liquid-ordered phase. The ease of staining and the ability of this single dye to detect both phases, should lead to broad applications in biophysical studies of lipid domains in model membranes and cells.

Figures

FIGURE 1
FIGURE 1
Emission spectra of di-4-ANEPPDHQ in LUVs of pure DOPC (red) and LUVs of 7:3 DPPC/cholesterol (green).
FIGURE 2
FIGURE 2
Confocal fluorescence images of a GUV (2:2:1 DPPC/DOPC/cholesterol) stained with 1 μM di-4-ANEPPDHQ. (a) Long-pass 650-nm channel; (b) band-pass 500–530-nm channel; (c) merge of panels a and b.
FIGURE 3
FIGURE 3
TPF (red and green) and SHG (blue) images of GUVs with both phases stained with di-4-ANEPPDHQ. (a) TPF from the 515–565-nm emission channel; (b) SHG signal taken simultaneously with a; (c) merge of a and b; (d) TPF from the 650–700-nm emission channel; (e) SHG signal taken simultaneously with d; (f) merge of d and e.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 27 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

Feedback