A variant of the alpha-methyl-acyl-CoA racemase gene created by a deletion in exon 5 and its expression in prostate cancer

Prostate. 2005 Oct 1;65(2):117-23. doi: 10.1002/pros.20277.


Background: Alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) is a mitochondrial and peroxisomal enzyme that is overexpressed in prostate cancer. Alternatively spliced variants of AMACR have recently been reported, however, their role in prostate cancer pathogenesis is unclear.

Methods: Using PCR techniques we have identified a novel variant of AMACR.

Results: This transcript arises by an alternative splicing event in the 5th exon of the gene whereby a 749 base sequence is deleted causing a shift in the reading frame. The protein encoded by this transcript has a predicted molecular weight of 43,833 kDa and a pI of 7.01 and therefore differs in size and physical characteristics from the main form of AMACR. The carboxyl terminus of this variant does not contain the peroxisomal targeting signal found in the main form of AMACR. Using real time PCR it was demonstrated that this transcript also occurs in normal prostate tissue and is elevated in prostate cancer. Coordinate expression of this transcript with the other forms of AMACR was shown. This transcript was expressed as a FLAG fusion protein in Cos-7 cells and probed with relevant antibodies.

Conclusion: A deletion event in exon 5 of the AMACR gene creates a novel transcript that is coordinately expressed with the other forms of AMACR but with different biochemical characteristics. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alternative Splicing
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Exons
  • Frameshift Mutation
  • Gene Expression Profiling*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Prostate / physiology
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Racemases and Epimerases / genetics*
  • Racemases and Epimerases / physiology*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Racemases and Epimerases
  • alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase