The role of daily dialysis in the control of hyperphosphatemia

Kidney Int Suppl. 2005 Jun;(95):S28-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1755.2005.09504.x.

Abstract

The role of daily dialysis in the control of hyperphosphatemia. In patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), hyperphosphatemia occurs in the vast majority of patients. The numerous clinical sequelae of hyperphosphatemia include secondary hyperparathyroidism and increased risk of cardiovascular death. Chronic hemodialysis as it is currently practiced in the United States does not remove sufficient phosphate to control serum levels within accepted guidelines. The inadequacy of conventional hemodialysis in removing phosphate mandates the use of phosphate binders in virtually all hemodialysis patients. Despite their proven efficacy, these medications fail to control phosphorous in 70% of hemodialysis patients. Additionally, these medications may have untoward side effects that must be considered since they are typically intended for lifetime use. Quotidian hemodialysis has in previous uncontrolled studies shown promise in reducing serum phosphorus while at the same time reducing or eliminating the need for phosphate binders. Recent results from our group demonstrate for the first time in a controlled fashion the efficacy of short daily dialysis in controlling serum phosphorus.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Hemodiafiltration
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / blood
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / physiopathology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Phosphates / blood*
  • Renal Dialysis / methods*

Substances

  • Phosphates