Biomechanics of the flexor tendons

Hand Clin. 2005 May;21(2):129-49. doi: 10.1016/j.hcl.2004.11.002.


This article examines basic tendon biomechanics, the anatomy and mechanics of digital flexor tendons, and the digital flexor pulley system. It also explores the various models that have tried to simulate the motion of the flexor tendons and several testing modalities that have been used. Finally, clinical applications are considered, including the biomechanics of flexor tendon repairs and tendon transfers. As we reach limits in the care of flexor tendon injuries, research into molecular, biochemical, and micromechanical methods of tendon repair will become the forefront of future investigation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Computer Simulation
  • Hand / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Tendon Injuries / surgery
  • Tendons / anatomy & histology*
  • Tendons / physiology*