Neuronal migration is a critical phase of nervous system development and can be divided into two distinct phases: extension of the leading process and movement of the cell body and nucleus (nucleokinesis). Nucleokinesis appears to require many of the same cytoskeletal and signaling molecules used in cell mitosis. Converging studies suggest it requires cytoplasmic dynein, cell polarity genes, and microtubule-associated proteins that coordinate microtubule remodeling. These coordinate first the positioning of the centrosome (microtubule organizing center) in the leading process in front of the nucleus and then the movement of the nucleus towards the centrosome. The positioning of the centrosome and the dynamic regulation that couples and uncouples the nucleus underlies directed migration of neurons.