Symptomatic Arnold-Chiari malformation and cranial nerve dysfunction: a case study of applied kinesiology cranial evaluation and treatment

J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 May;28(4):e1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2005.03.001.


Objective: To present an overview of possible effects of Arnold-Chiari malformation (ACM) and to offer chiropractic approaches and theories for treatment of a patient with severe visual dysfunction complicated by ACM.

Clinical features: A young woman had complex optic nerve neuritis exacerbated by an ACM type I of the brain.

Intervention and outcome: Applied kinesiology chiropractic treatment was used for treatment of loss of vision and nystagmus. After treatment, the patient's ability to see, read, and perform smooth eye tracking showed improvement.

Conclusion: Further studies into applied kinesiology and cranial treatments for visual dysfunctions associated with ACM may be helpful to evaluate whether this single case study can be representative of a group of patients who might benefit from this care.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation / complications*
  • Chiropractic / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kinesiology, Applied*
  • Nystagmus, Pathologic / etiology
  • Nystagmus, Pathologic / physiopathology
  • Nystagmus, Pathologic / therapy*
  • Optic Neuritis / complications*
  • Pursuit, Smooth
  • Reading
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vision Disorders / etiology
  • Vision Disorders / physiopathology
  • Vision Disorders / therapy*
  • Vision, Ocular