Endovascular management for intracranial ruptured aneurysms in elderly patients: outcome and technical aspects

Neuroradiology. 2005 Jun;47(6):446-57. doi: 10.1007/s00234-005-1345-0. Epub 2005 May 11.


The definition of an elderly person is debateable; however, age is a recognised negative prognostic factor for outcome after subarachnoid haemmorrhage, and the age cut-off of 60 years is accepted to define a high risk population. The goal of this article is to access the outcome in this precise population of patients that underwent endovascular treatment (EVT) after aneurysm rupture. Forty-two patients (mean age = 70.24) had 40 aneurysms located at the anterior circulation and nine at the posterior circulation. Thirty-seven (87.9%) patients had Fisher III or IV. Forty-six (93.8%) aneurysms were smaller than 15 mm. Twenty-eight (66.7%) patients were in good neurological state on admission (Hunt and Hess I-III) and 14 (33.3%) in poor state. Satisfactory occlusion rate (total occlusion or neck flow) was achieved in 75% of patients. Follow-up was available in 19 (43.18%) out of the 44 aneurysms treated. Aneurysm recanalization was disclosed in three cases. Satisfactory outcome was achieved on: 60.7% of good grades, 21.4% of poor grades, 43.7% of patients with and 57.6% of patents without comorbidites. Fisher grade (P = 0.0346), comorbidities (P = 0.525) and risk factors (P = 0.515) were not associated with clinical outcome. No age cut-off (65,70 and 75) for favourable outcome could be established, P-values were 0.723, 0.741 and 0.738, respectively. Advancing of age was not associated with an increase number of unfavourable outcome (P = 0.125). Poor neurological status on admission was the only variable associated with unfavourable outcome (P = 0.02). Mortality and morbidity rate related to the procedure were 4.8% and 9.5% respectively. Age should not be taken alone for precluding treatment in ruptured aneurysms, EVT can be considered as a first therapeutic option for elderly persons, since an overall favourable outcome could be achieved in most cases, mainly in non-comatose patients.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / mortality
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / therapy*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Embolization, Therapeutic* / adverse effects
  • Embolization, Therapeutic* / mortality
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / mortality
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Selection
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome