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Review
, 127 (5), 1752-63

Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in the Home: An American College of Chest Physicians Clinical Position Statement

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Review

Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in the Home: An American College of Chest Physicians Clinical Position Statement

Joe Ramsdell et al. Chest.

Abstract

The number of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) who are being treated at home is increasing for a variety of reasons. These reasons include the increased availability and cost considerations of oral antibiotics that have been shown to be effective, as well as the consideration of patient and family preferences. However, there is still considerable variability in strategies for the management of patients with CAP. This American College of Chest Physicians position statement, which was cosponsored by the American Academy of Home Care Physicians, provides recommendations on the various aspects of home care for patients with this condition. Included are recommendations for evaluation and diagnosis in the home environment and the determination of the site of care, and an outline of an in-home management plan. The position statement also provides recommendations for issues related to patient and caregiver commitment to the plan, and for monitoring and follow-up. Recommendations are directed toward immunocompetent adult patients with CAP who are at home or in other unskilled residential facilities. These patients can include previously healthy individuals or chronically ill individuals who choose not to go to the hospital, or hospitalized patients who are completing a hospital discharge plan. The recommendations in this statement take into consideration the best course of action for the patient, as determined by incorporating the most recent evidence with clinician judgment and patient preferences. These recommendations also consider the available resources. Therefore, these recommendations may not apply to every patient, and interventions may need to be structured based on the individual. In addition to providing recommendations for the home care management of patients with CAP, we hope that this clinical policy statement will alert readers to the need for more scientific evidence related to the clinical and psychosocial issues associated with managing this condition.

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