Replication fork blockage by RTS1 at an ectopic site promotes recombination in fission yeast

EMBO J. 2005 Jun 1;24(11):2011-23. doi: 10.1038/sj.emboj.7600670. Epub 2005 May 5.


Homologous recombination is believed to play important roles in processing stalled/blocked replication forks in eukaryotes. In accordance with this, recombination is induced by replication fork barriers (RFBs) within the rDNA locus. However, the rDNA locus is a specialised region of the genome, and therefore the action of recombinases at its RFBs may be atypical. We show here for the first time that direct repeat recombination, dependent on Rad22 and Rhp51, is induced by replication fork blockage at a site-specific RFB (RTS1) within a 'typical' genomic locus in fission yeast. Importantly, when the RFB is positioned between the direct repeat, conservative gene conversion events predominate over deletion events. This is consistent with recombination occurring without breakage of the blocked fork. In the absence of the RecQ family DNA helicase Rqh1, deletion events increase dramatically, which correlates with the detection of one-sided DNA double-strand breaks at or near RTS1. These data indicate that Rqh1 acts to prevent blocked replication forks from collapsing and thereby inducing deletion events.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • DNA / genetics
  • DNA / radiation effects
  • DNA Damage
  • DNA Helicases / deficiency
  • DNA Helicases / genetics
  • DNA Helicases / physiology*
  • DNA Replication* / radiation effects
  • DNA, Fungal / genetics
  • DNA, Fungal / radiation effects
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology
  • Gene Deletion
  • Models, Genetic
  • Nucleic Acid Conformation
  • Rad51 Recombinase
  • Recombination, Genetic / genetics
  • Recombination, Genetic / physiology*
  • Schizosaccharomyces / genetics*
  • Schizosaccharomyces / radiation effects
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins / genetics
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins / physiology*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / physiology
  • Ultraviolet Rays


  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • DNA, Fungal
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • RHP51 protein, S pombe
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • rad52 protein, S pombe
  • swi1 protein, S pombe
  • DNA
  • Rad51 Recombinase
  • DNA Helicases
  • Rqh1 protein, S pombe