Oxygen free radicals in essential hypertension

Mol Cell Biochem. 1992 Apr;111(1-2):103-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00229580.

Abstract

Membrane abnormalities in essential hypertensives (EH) are well known. The respiratory burst enzyme, NADPH oxidase is located in the cell membrane of the neutrophil (PMNLs) and its activity is important in generation of oxygen derived free radical (OFR). Recently OFR have been implicated in vascular changes in variety of conditions. An attempt was made to delineate the status of OFR and antioxidants in EH. Ten, age and sex-matched, healthy controls (GpI) and 26 untreated EH (Gp IIA mild-8, Gp IIB Moderate-8, Gp IIC Severe-10) were studied. After clinical examination and basic laboratory evaluation of subjects, neutrophils isolated from their blood were studied. Chemiluminescence (CL) emitted by PMNLs after stimulation was measured (counts/min) in a luminometer and was taken as measure of OFR production and thereby of NADPH oxidase activity. The levels of antioxidants, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reduced glutathione (GSH), were also estimated. Chemiluminescence was increased significantly (p less than 0.01) in Gp IIC (243.04 +/- 24.9 x 10(3) counts per minute) as compared to Gp IIA (2.80 +/- 1.87), Gp IIB (34.54 +/- 30.24) and Gp I (0.52 +/- 0.15) and SOD was reduced significantly (p less than 0.05) in all EH (Gp IIA 3.9 +/- 0.3 units per mg protein, Gp IIB 3.5 +/- 0.3 and Gp IIC 3.12 +/- 0.3) as compared to controls (4.1 +/- 0.2). Similarly GSH was reduced (p less than 0.05) in EH (Gp IIA 11.2 +/- 1.7 mg per gm protein, Gp IIB 8.5 +/- 1.1 and Gp IIC 6.6 +/- 0.3) as compared to Gp I (13.5 +/- 2.5).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Diastole / physiology
  • Female
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Free Radicals / blood*
  • Glutathione / blood
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / blood*
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neutrophils / metabolism*
  • Oxygen / blood*
  • Superoxide Dismutase / blood
  • Systole / physiology

Substances

  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Free Radicals
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Glutathione
  • Oxygen