Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures

J Orthop Trauma. May-Jun 2005;19(5):360-4.

Abstract

Background: Calcaneal fractures comprise 1 to 2 percent of all fractures. Approximately 75% of calcaneal fractures are intra-articular. The management of intra-articular calcaneal fractures remains controversial. Nonoperative treatment options include elevation, ice, early mobilization, and cyclic compression of the plantar arch. Operative treatment options include closed reduction and percutaneous pin fixation, open reduction and internal fixation, and arthrodesis. The effect of operative versus nonoperative treatment has been the focus of several comparative studies.

Objective: This study was designed to determine the effect of operative treatment compared with nonoperative treatment on the rate of union, complications, and functional outcome after intra-articular calcaneal fracture in adults.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ankle Injuries / diagnostic imaging
  • Ankle Injuries / rehabilitation
  • Ankle Injuries / surgery
  • Calcaneus / injuries*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Fracture Fixation, Internal / methods
  • Fracture Healing / physiology
  • Fractures, Bone / diagnostic imaging
  • Fractures, Bone / rehabilitation*
  • Fractures, Bone / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Immobilization
  • Joint Dislocations / diagnostic imaging
  • Joint Dislocations / rehabilitation*
  • Joint Dislocations / surgery*
  • Male
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Radiography
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
  • Recovery of Function
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Tarsal Joints / diagnostic imaging
  • Tarsal Joints / injuries
  • Treatment Outcome