Effective detection of bronchial preinvasive lesions by a new autofluorescence imaging bronchovideoscope system

Lung Cancer. 2005 Jun;48(3):307-13. doi: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2004.11.023.


Autofluorescence bronchoscopy is an important tool for the early detection of preinvasive bronchial lesions. However, autofluorescence bronchoscopy has difficulty distinguishing between preinvasive lesions and other benign epithelial changes. A new autofluorescence imaging bronchovideoscope system (AFI) comprises three signals, including an autofluorescence (460-690 nm) on excitation blue light (395-445 nm) and two different bands of reflected light: G' (550 nm) and R' (610 nm). We hypothesized that color analyses of these three wave lengths would improve our ability to differentiate between inflammation and preinvasive lesions. In order to prove this hypothesis and to evaluate the efficacy of AFI for detecting preinvasive lesions, we conducted a prospective study. A total of 32 patients with suspected or known lung cancer were entered into this study. Conventional white light bronchovideoscopy (WLB) and light induced fluorescence endoscopy (LIFE) were performed prior to using AFI. WLB and LIFE detected 62 lesions, including lung cancers (n=2), squamous dysplasias (n=30), and bronchitis (n=30). By utilizing AFI, 24 dysplasias and 2 cancer lesions were magenta in color, while 25 bronchitis lesions were blue. The sensitivities of detecting dysplasia by LIFE and AFI were 96.7% and 80%, respectively. The specificity of AFI (83.3%) was significantly higher than that of LIFE (36.6%) (p=0.0005). We conclude that AFI appears to represent a significant advance in distinguishing preinvasive and malignant lesions from bronchitis or hyperplasia under circumstances where LIFE would identify these all as abnormal lesions.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bronchoscopy / methods*
  • Female
  • Fluorescence
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Precancerous Conditions / diagnosis*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Video Recording