[Impact of interventions promoting condom use among HIV-infected individuals]

Rev Saude Publica. 2005 Apr;39(2):296-304. doi: 10.1590/s0034-89102005000200023. Epub 2005 May 9.
[Article in Portuguese]


In order to identify educational interventions promoting male condom use during intercourse among HIV+ persons, we conducted a systematic review of publications. Lilacs/Bireme, Medline and Popline data sets and CDC and UNAIDS sites were searched without time limit. Uniterms used were: women; men; interventions; HIV; Aids; HIV positive; risk behaviors; sexual risk behaviors; and intervention studies. Fourteen interventions were included, eight of which reported a positive result. Most frequent methodological weaknesses observed were lack of randomization, no control for confounding, high rates of losses to follow-up, small sample sizes, and outcome of condom use stated by patient self-report. Publication bias favoring studies showing a beneficial effect has to be considered. Effective interventions aiming to promote condom use among HIV positive persons are currently an important tool in the prevention of HIV dissemination.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Health Promotion / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Program Evaluation
  • Sex Counseling
  • Sex Education / methods*
  • Sex Education / statistics & numerical data