Techniques and outcomes of laryngeal cleft repair: an update to the Great Ormond Street Hospital series

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2005 Apr;114(4):309-13. doi: 10.1177/000348940511400410.


We present an update to the Great Ormond Street Hospital series of laryngeal clefts, describing a further 35 clefts of Benjamin-Inglis types 1 through 3 treated between 1992 and 2003. Associated congenital anomalies were common. Most type 1 and smaller type 2 clefts were repaired endoscopically, whereas larger clefts were repaired through an anterior approach. Increasing use was made recently of a 3-layer repair with an interposition graft of temporalis fascia. The rates of complication, revision surgery, and death were 54%, 26%, and 6%, respectively. Most of the children are now orally fed, and 9 still have a tracheotomy.

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Fascia / transplantation
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Laryngoscopy
  • Larynx / abnormalities*
  • Larynx / surgery*
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Reoperation / statistics & numerical data
  • Trachea / surgery
  • United Kingdom