Alterations in alpha adrenoreceptor density and localization after mechanical left ventricular unloading with the Jarvik flowmaker left ventricular assist device

J Heart Lung Transplant. 2005 May;24(5):609-13. doi: 10.1016/j.healun.2004.03.005.


Cardiac alpha one adrenoreceptors (alpha(1)AR) are known to mediate positive inotropism in human ventricular myocardium. In the early stages of heart failure, ventricular contractility is maintained by adrenergic stimulation, rennin-angiotensin activation, and other neurohormonal and cytokine system responses. As the disease progresses, however, these compensatory mechanisms cease to provide benefit; ventricular dilation and fibrosis occur and cardiac function deteriorates. When ventricular contractility becomes severely depressed and is no longer responsive to inotropic support, insertion of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) may allow the left ventricle to rest, remodel, and recover some contractile function. Our previous work has demonstrated that the myocardium has the capacity to repair itself during a period of unloading, after which some patients are able to resume a normal lifestyle and no longer need a cardiac transplant.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cardiomyopathies / etiology
  • Cardiomyopathies / physiopathology*
  • Cardiomyopathies / therapy*
  • Female
  • Heart Failure / etiology
  • Heart Failure / physiopathology
  • Heart Failure / therapy
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
  • Heart-Assist Devices*
  • Humans
  • Ischemia / complications*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Cells / pathology
  • Myocardium / pathology
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-1 / analysis
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-1 / physiology*


  • Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-1