Shear bond strength, bond failure, and scanning electron microscopy analysis of a new flowable composite for orthodontic use

Angle Orthod. 2005 May;75(3):410-5. doi: 10.1043/0003-3219(2005)75[410:SBSBFA]2.0.CO;2.


A new dental flowable composite, Denfil Flow, was evaluated for the bonding of orthodontic brackets by determining its shear bond strength (SBS) and the mode of bond failure after debonding. Eighty extracted human premolars were divided into two equal groups. Metal brackets were bonded to etched enamel using a composite resin control (Transbond XT) or Denfil Flow. After 72 hours of incubation in saline solution at 37 degrees C, debonding was performed with a shearing force. The SBS and the mode of bond failure were examined. In addition, representative samples from each group were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). No significant difference was observed in the SBS between the groups, and a clinically acceptable SBS was found for the two adhesives. Bond failures occurred mostly in the bracket-adhesive interface, without significant differences between the groups. At SEM analysis, Denfil Flow showed a greater frequency of air bubbles within the resin than did Transbond XT. In conclusion, Denfil Flow displayed the same SBS as traditional composite resins and similar bond failures. Further clinical studies are required.

MeSH terms

  • Adhesives / chemistry
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Bicuspid
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Composite Resins / chemistry*
  • Dental Bonding*
  • Dental Debonding
  • Dentin-Bonding Agents / chemistry*
  • Equipment Failure Analysis
  • Humans
  • Materials Testing
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Orthodontic Brackets*
  • Resin Cements / chemistry
  • Shear Strength*
  • Single-Blind Method


  • Adhesives
  • Composite Resins
  • Denfil Flow
  • Dentin-Bonding Agents
  • Resin Cements
  • Transbond XT
  • flowable hybrid composite