Anatomic variations of surgical importance in ethmoid labyrinth and sphenoid sinus. A study of radiological anatomy

Surg Radiol Anat. 1992;14(1):65-70. doi: 10.1007/BF01628046.


The present study was performed on axial and coronal CT scans of 100 patients, most of whom were affected by nasal polyposis. Five observers had to analyse the radiograms and answer a questionnaire including the following items: presence of a supraorbital recess; identification of anterior and posterior ethmoidal canals; dehiscences in the lamina papyracea; pneumatized middle turbinate; presence of a sphenomaxillary plate; presence of Haller's cells; presence of Onodi's cells; relationships of the optic canal; relationships of the internal carotid artery; relationships of the maxillary nerve; relationships of the vidian nerve; level difference between the ethmoid roof and nasal vault; depth of the sphenoethmoidal recess. The data obtained were compared with those drawn from anatomical studies. The fair agreement between them proves the value of CT as an alternative method for studying paranasal sinuses anatomy.

MeSH terms

  • Ethmoid Bone / abnormalities*
  • Ethmoid Bone / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Nasal Polyps / diagnostic imaging*
  • Nasal Polyps / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sphenoid Sinus / abnormalities*
  • Sphenoid Sinus / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*