Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 76 (5), 713-22

Coronally Advanced Flap: The Post-Surgical Position of the Gingival Margin Is an Important Factor for Achieving Complete Root Coverage

Affiliations

Coronally Advanced Flap: The Post-Surgical Position of the Gingival Margin Is an Important Factor for Achieving Complete Root Coverage

Giovan Paolo Pini Prato et al. J Periodontol.

Abstract

Background: An assessment of the factors affecting the clinical outcome of root coverage procedures may be useful in clinical decision making. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the post-surgical location of gingival margin relative to the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) can influence the recession reduction (RecRed) and complete root coverage (CRC) following coronally advanced flap procedure (CAF).

Methods: Sixty patients, aged between 22 and 57 years, 15 males and 45 females, each showing maxillary buccal recessions (> or =2 mm) identified as Miller's Class I were consecutively enrolled. All the defects were treated by CAF procedure from 2000 to 2003 by a single operator with more than 20 years of clinical experience. Age, gender, smoking habits, and type of tooth of each patient were recorded. In addition, the following clinical data were measured or computed: recession depth, width of keratinized tissue, probing depth, distance between incisal margin (IM) and CEJ, dental hypersensitivity, clinical attachment level, distance between IM and gingival margin (IMGM), distance between IM and mucogingival junction (IMMG), and the location of gingival margin relative to the CEJ following CAF procedure (GM(1)). A multiple linear regression, and a logistic linear regression analyses were performed.

Results: The recession depth at baseline (Rec(T0)) and the location of the gingival margin after suturing (GM(1)) are positively correlated to recession reduction. Complete root coverage appeared to be influenced by GM(1): the more coronal the level of the gingival margin after suturing (GM(1)), the greater the probability of CRC.

Conclusion: The location of the gingival margin relative to the cemento-enamel junction following CAF procedure seems to affect CRC.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 18 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback