The HRCT appearances of granulomatous pulmonary disease in common variable immune deficiency

Eur J Radiol. 2005 Jun;54(3):359-64. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2004.09.005.


Approximately 10% of patients with common variable immune deficiency have systemic granulomatous disease with associated interstitial lung disease. From a population of patients with CVID attending a large tertiary referral clinic for primary immunodeficiency diseases we selected a cohort who had a restrictive defect or impaired gas transfer on pulmonary function testing and/or histologically proven granulomatous disease. HRCT scans of the thorax were reviewed retrospectively in 18 patients by two radiologists. Thirteen patients had diffuse reticulation, which varied from fine to coarse with features of fibrosis. Nodules were found in eight patients. In seven, these were associated with reticulation and in one they were an isolated finding. Bronchiectasis was found as the only abnormality in three and in addition to diffuse reticulation or nodules in another three patients. Greater appreciation of the spectrum of the radiological abnormalities in CVID patients with interstitial lung disease is important. Deteriorating lung function in patients with granulomatous CVID may be secondary to interstitial lung disease rather than bronchiectasis, and treatment should be tailored accordingly.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Common Variable Immunodeficiency / complications*
  • Female
  • Granuloma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Granuloma / etiology
  • Granuloma / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / diagnostic imaging*
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / etiology
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*