The serological pattern of autoantibodies to the Ro52, Ro60, and La48 autoantigens in primary Sjögren's syndrome patients and healthy controls

Scand J Rheumatol. 2005;34(1):49-55. doi: 10.1080/03009740510017940.


Objective: Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is characterized by exocrine secretion dysfunction. Hallmarks of the chronic autoimmune disease are cellular infiltration of the exocrine glands and the presence of serum autoantibodies against Ro and La. The purpose of this study was to perform a detailed characterisation of the serological pattern against the Ro and La autoantigens in terms of antigen specificity and antibody isotype.

Methods: Serum samples from 100 patients with primary SS and 100 matched healthy controls were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with recombinant human Ro and La proteins as antigens.

Results: There were higher frequencies of Ro and La positive serum in the SS patients than in the control sera, and the titres were higher in the positive sera from SS patients than the controls. The SS patients often had antibodies against two or three of the antigens tested, while the positive control sera often reacted against only one of the autoantigens. The SS patients had a broader immunoglobulin isotype repertoire in their autoantibodies while the controls when positive usually had one antigen specific isotype.

Conclusion: We found a distinct and significant difference in the serum antibody specificity and immunoglobulin isotype pattern between SS patients and matched controls. This variance may point to different mechanisms by which these autoantibodies are generated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Autoantibodies / blood*
  • Autoantigens / immunology*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • RNA, Small Cytoplasmic / immunology
  • Ribonucleoproteins / immunology
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / immunology*


  • Autoantibodies
  • Autoantigens
  • RNA, Small Cytoplasmic
  • RO60 protein, human
  • Ribonucleoproteins
  • SS-A antigen
  • SS-B antigen