Using paramedics to identify at-risk elderly

Ann Emerg Med. 1992 Jun;21(6):688-91. doi: 10.1016/s0196-0644(05)82780-5.


Objectives: To evaluate paramedics' ability to identify elderly at risk and refer them for assessment and service.

Design: A prospective nonrandomized open trial.

Setting: Akron, Ohio, a midsize city with a well-developed advanced life support emergency medical services system.

Type of participants: One hundred thirty firefighter paramedics evaluated 6,000 elderly patients. Assessments were performed by trained geriatric assessors.

Intervention: Regardless of the reason for the call, paramedics screened all emergency medical services users age 60 and older for medical, mental health, social, and environmental problems. Identified cases were referred to the Area Agency on Aging for assessment and follow-up.

Main results: Paramedics identified 197 people with possible problems, 124 of whom received an assessment. The remainder could not be assessed due to death, moving, referral, or transfer to a long-term care facility. Assessors confirmed the presence of a problem in 121 of 124 assessed cases, a positive predictive value of 98%. The program was useful for 94 people, 48% of those identified and assessed.

Conclusion: Paramedics can serve as case finders for at-risk elderly, and effective linkage to service agencies can occur.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Emergency Medical Technicians*
  • Female
  • Geriatric Assessment*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Ohio
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Records
  • Risk Factors