Core stability: the centerpiece of any training program

Curr Sports Med Rep. 2005 Jun;4(3):179-83. doi: 10.1007/s11932-005-0064-y.


Core strengthening and stability exercises have become key components of training programs for athletes of all levels. The core muscles act as a bridge between upper and lower limbs, and force is transferred from the core, often called the powerhouse, to the limbs. Stability initially requires maintenance of a neutral spine but must progress beyond the neutral zone in a controlled manner. Some studies have demonstrated a relationship between core stability and increased incidence of injury. A training program should start with exercises that isolate specific core muscles but must progress to include complex movements and incorporate other training principles.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Muscles / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Physical Education and Training / methods*
  • Postural Balance / physiology
  • Spine / physiology
  • Sports / education*
  • Sports / physiology*
  • Sports Medicine / methods