An expression and bioinformatics analysis of the Arabidopsis serine carboxypeptidase-like gene family

Plant Physiol. 2005 Jun;138(2):1136-48. doi: 10.1104/pp.104.057950. Epub 2005 May 20.


The Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) genome encodes a family of 51 proteins that are homologous to known serine carboxypeptidases. Based on their sequences, these serine carboxypeptidase-like (SCPL) proteins can be divided into several major clades. The first group consists of 21 proteins which, despite the function implied by their annotation, includes two that have been shown to function as acyltransferases in plant secondary metabolism: sinapoylglucose:malate sinapoyltransferase and sinapoylglucose:choline sinapoyltransferase. A second group comprises 25 SCPL proteins whose biochemical functions have not been clearly defined. Genes encoding representatives from both of these clades can be found in many plants, but have not yet been identified in other phyla. In contrast, the remaining SCPL proteins include five members that are similar to serine carboxypeptidases from a variety of organisms, including fungi and animals. Reverse transcription PCR results suggest that some SCPL genes are expressed in a highly tissue-specific fashion, whereas others are transcribed in a wide range of tissue types. Taken together, these data suggest that the Arabidopsis SCPL gene family encodes a diverse group of enzymes whose functions are likely to extend beyond protein degradation and processing to include activities such as the production of secondary metabolites.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / enzymology
  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism
  • Carboxypeptidases / genetics
  • Carboxypeptidases / metabolism*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Plant
  • Databases, Genetic
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Gene Expression Profiling*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Multigene Family*
  • Phylogeny
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Carboxypeptidases
  • serine carboxypeptidase