Improved postural control through repetition and consolidation

J Vestib Res. 2005;15(1):31-9.


Research regarding the optimal frequency of training in postural control rehabilitation has been sparse. Posturography with vibratory proprioceptive stimulation was performed with eyes open and closed on 36 healthy subjects divided into 3 groups. Each group was tested 5 times, though with different time-intervals; 20 minutes, 3 hours and 24 hours respectively. Two different adaptive processes seems to be involved in the formation of a new movement pattern when exposed to a postural disturbance, one fast adaptation active during each test occasion and a second adaptation active between the consecutive tests. As the same adaptation pattern was found regardless the repetition time interval, the results imply either that the consolidation process of the new motor memory is time-independent or that the stimulus was sufficiently strong to induce fast consolidation thus leaving the time-interval unimportant. The findings suggest that it is primarily the number of repetitions in the exercises that governs the outcome of training, whereas the time interval between the exercises is of less importance.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological / physiology
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Learning / physiology
  • Male
  • Memory / physiology*
  • Physical Stimulation
  • Posture / physiology*
  • Proprioception / physiology
  • Vibration
  • Vision, Ocular / physiology