Proteomic study of Galectin-1 expression in human mesenchymal stem cells

Stem Cells Dev. 2005 Apr;14(2):204-12. doi: 10.1089/scd.2005.14.204.

Abstract

Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known to interact with hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and immune cells, and are of potential interest to be used as therapeutic agents for enhancing allogenic hematopoietic engraftment and preventing graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Galectin 1 (Gal1) belongs to a family of structurally related molecules expressed in many vertebrate tissues that exert their functions both by binding to glycoconjugates, and by interaction with protein partners. In this work using a proteomic approach, we looked for the presence and the localization of Gal1 in short- and long-term culture of human (h) hMSC. We first determined, that Gal1 is one of the major proteins expressed in hMSC. We futher demonstrated that its expression is maintained when hMSC are expanded through a subculturing process up to five passages. Moreover, Gal1 is secreted and found at the cell surface of MSC, participating in extra cellular matrix (ECM)-cell interactions. Given the immunomodulatory properties of Gal1, its potential involvement in immunological functions of hMSC could be suggested.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / chemistry
  • Blotting, Western
  • Bone Marrow Cells / cytology
  • Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Extracellular Matrix / metabolism
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Galectin 1 / biosynthesis*
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / cytology
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Binding
  • Proteomics / methods*
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Galectin 1