Plasma 25-hydroxy vitamin D concentrations, vitamin D receptor genotype and breast cancer risk in a UK Caucasian population

Eur J Cancer. 2005 May;41(8):1164-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2005.01.017. Epub 2005 Apr 14.


Low levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) and polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) have been found separately to increase risk of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to determine whether low 25(OH)D levels, alone and in combination with BsmI VDR genotype, increased breast cancer risk in a United Kingdom (UK) Caucasian population. Breast cancer patients (n=179) and control women (n=179) were recruited and 25(OH)D levels measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). VDR genotype was determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction enzyme digest. Analysis showed that subjects with 25(OH)D levels <50 nM and the bb BsmI VDR genotype are 6.82 times more likely to have breast cancer than subjects with levels of 25(OH)D>50 nM and either the BB or Bb genotype (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.31-14.7, P<0.001). This study indicates that low levels of circulating 25(OH)D, both alone and in combination with BsmI VDR genotype, may increase risk of breast cancer in a UK Caucasian population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Breast Neoplasms / blood*
  • Breast Neoplasms / ethnology
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics
  • Receptors, Calcitriol / genetics*
  • Risk Factors
  • United Kingdom
  • Vitamin D / analogs & derivatives*
  • Vitamin D / blood*
  • Whites


  • Receptors, Calcitriol
  • Vitamin D
  • 25-hydroxyvitamin D