A subpopulation of precursor cells in the mouse dentate gyrus receives synaptic GABAergic input

Mol Cell Neurosci. 2005 Jun;29(2):181-9. doi: 10.1016/j.mcn.2005.02.002.

Abstract

Fate choice decision and the initiation of neuronal development occur in precursor cells of the adult dentate gyrus. We here show that the earliest signs of neuronal function can be detected in a nestin-positive progenitor cell population, which is morphologically distinct from the putative radial glia-like stem cells. Whereas radial glia-like stem cells had a glial physiological phenotype, this other cell population was more heterogeneous including cells with the ability to generate action potentials. These cells had only plump horizontal processes or lacked processes. Some of these cells received spontaneous and evoked synaptic input, which was sensitive to GABA(A), but not to glutamate receptor antagonists. In radial glia-like stem cells, such a response was not observed. However, both types of precursor cells expressed functional GABA(A) and glutamate receptors and glutamate transporters. This early establishment of GABAergic innervation in adult neurogenesis thus mimics the pattern described for brain development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials / drug effects
  • Action Potentials / physiology
  • Amino Acid Transport System X-AG / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology*
  • Dentate Gyrus / cytology
  • Dentate Gyrus / metabolism*
  • Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists / pharmacology
  • Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists / pharmacology
  • GABA Antagonists / pharmacology
  • GABA-A Receptor Antagonists
  • Intermediate Filament Proteins / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism
  • Nestin
  • Neural Pathways / cytology
  • Neural Pathways / metabolism*
  • Neuroglia / cytology
  • Neuroglia / drug effects
  • Neuroglia / metabolism
  • Neurons / cytology
  • Neurons / drug effects
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Organ Culture Techniques
  • Receptors, GABA-A / metabolism
  • Receptors, Glutamate / drug effects
  • Receptors, Glutamate / metabolism
  • Stem Cells / drug effects
  • Stem Cells / metabolism*
  • Stem Cells / ultrastructure
  • Synapses / metabolism*
  • Synapses / ultrastructure
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / metabolism*
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / pharmacology

Substances

  • Amino Acid Transport System X-AG
  • Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists
  • Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
  • GABA Antagonists
  • GABA-A Receptor Antagonists
  • Intermediate Filament Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Nes protein, mouse
  • Nestin
  • Receptors, GABA-A
  • Receptors, Glutamate
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid