[Recommendation for the implementation of intravitreal injections--statement of the German Retina Society, the German Society of Ophthalmology (DOG) and the German Professional Association of Ophthalmologists (BVA)]

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2005 May;222(5):390-5. doi: 10.1055/s-2005-858231.
[Article in German]


The intravitreal injection as a minimally invasive intervention has proved to be an effective therapy in the management of numerous vitreoretinal diseases. However, non-standardized performance of the procedure might cause severe complications. The recommendations for intravitreal injections discussed here are intended to contribute to a minimization of the risk for complications. Of particular importance are a meticulous preoperative antisepsis with povidone iodine, a sterile environment using a sterile lid speculum, drape and gloves, the use of an adequate injection technique and the exclusion of postoperative retinal non-perfusion.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Guideline
  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Eye Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Injections / adverse effects
  • Injections / methods*
  • Injections / standards*
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians' / standards
  • Preoperative Care / methods*
  • Preoperative Care / standards*
  • Retinal Diseases / drug therapy
  • Risk Assessment / methods*
  • Risk Factors
  • Vitreous Body*