The Uruguayan Registry of Glomerulopathies began its activity in 1974 and since 1985 is a national registry. The aim of this report is to analyze the incidence and the variations in frequencies of the histological diagnosis and clinical presentation during the 1980-2003 period.
Patients and methods: From the 2,058 patients with renal biopsy in the whole period, we analyzed the histological diagnosis and the following data has been collected when the patients were registered: age, gender, clinical syndrome, proteinuria, hematuria, serum creatinine, blood pressure and time from the first symptom. Four periods of registry entry were considered: 1980-1989, 1990-1994, 1995-1999 and 2000-2003. Chi-square and Student test for independent samples were used to evaluate the differences among the variables frequencies in the four periods.
Results: The incidence of registered glomerulopathies per million population (pmp) increased from 13 (1980-1989) to 43 (2000-2003). In the 2000-2003 period, the incidences pmp were: primary glomerulopathy (PG), 25.3 and secondary glomerulopathy, 14.2. The highest incidences pmp were: focal and segmental glomeruloesclerosis (FSGS) 6.4; vasculitis 5.4; lupus nephritis 4.6; minimal change disease (MCD) 4.6; IgA nephropathy (IgAN) 4.5; and membranous nephropathy (MN) 4.0. The most frequent PG were the FSGS (29.3%) and the MCID (19.6%). The FSGS frequency decreased from 36.3% in 1995-1999 to 19.1% in 2000-2003. The IgAN frequency increased from 5.2% in 1980-1989 to 17.5% in 2000-2003. Nephrotic syndrome was the most frequent clinical presentation; its frequency was over 30% in the four periods. Asymptomatic urinary abnormality frequency increased from 14.0% in 1980-1989 to 22.7% in 2000-2003. The frequency of serum creatinine under 1.5 mg/dl, increased from 42.2% in 1980-1989 to 67.2% in 2000-2003 (p = 0.001). The frequency of serum creatinine over 6.0 mg/dl, decreased from 19.3% in 1990-1994 to 7.2% in 2000-2003. The percentage of patients referred since the first month of the apparent onset of the disease increased from 24.0% in 1980-1989 to 40.1% in 2000-2003 (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: In Uruguay, the incidence of glomerulopathies with histological diagnosis has increased and the frequency of the different types has changed. Several indicators seem to show that the reference of patients to the nephrologist tended to be earlier in the last years.