Chromosome 5p, especially 5p15, involves in several cancers. To investigate its role in gastric cancer, we analyzed 46 intestinal-type and 34 diffuse-type gastric cancers by Loss of heterozygosity (LOH). We found a high frequent LOH at 5p15.33, and identified a minimal 2.7 cM candidate region of tumor suppressor gene, encompassing four loci (D5S417, D5S2849, D5S1492 and D5S2088). In total 80 cases, the highest LOH occurs at D5S2849 (35.19%). In intestinal-type cases, the highest LOH frequency is 50%, whereas in diffuse-type cases, the highest is only 16.67%. By statistical analysis we also observed an obvious genotype-phenotype correlation on 5p15.3 (P<0.01).