Identification of an H-2D(b)-restricted CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocyte epitope in the matrix protein of respiratory syncytial virus

Virology. 2005 Jul 5;337(2):335-43. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2005.04.032.


Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) play a significant role in the clearance of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in humans and mice. Identification of class I MHC-restricted CTL epitopes is critical in elucidating mechanisms of CTL responses against viral infections. However, only four H-2d-restricted epitopes have been reported in mice. Because of the diversity of transgenic and knockout mice available to study immune responses, new epitopes in additional strains of mice must be identified. We therefore attempted to discover novel CTL epitopes in C57Bl/6 mice. Our efforts revealed a new H-2D(b)-restricted CTL epitope from the RSV M protein, corresponding to aa 187-195 (NAITNAKII). Also, M187-195-specific CTLs were activated with kinetics similar to the immunodominant BALB/c epitope, M2 82-90. This is the first RSV-specific CTL epitope described in a strain of mice other than BALB/c. Furthermore, identification of this H-2b-restricted CTL epitope provides access to genetically modified H-2b mice for more detailed studies of CTL mechanisms in RSV infection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cytokines / analysis
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Epitopes / analysis
  • Female
  • H-2 Antigens / immunology*
  • Histocompatibility Antigen H-2D
  • Humans
  • Major Histocompatibility Complex / immunology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections / virology*
  • Respiratory Syncytial Viruses / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / immunology*
  • Viral Matrix Proteins / immunology*


  • Cytokines
  • Epitopes
  • H-2 Antigens
  • Histocompatibility Antigen H-2D
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Viral Matrix Proteins