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, 11 (2), 351-62

Exercise-associated Amenorrhea

  • PMID: 1591791

Exercise-associated Amenorrhea

C L Otis. Clin Sports Med.


Currently, more is unknown than is known about the complex interactions of exercise and the female reproductive system. Three types of menstrual changes are observed in athletes: luteal phase deficiency, anovulation, and exercise-associated amenorrhea. This article presents a clinically oriented update on the hypothesized causes, evaluation, and management of menstrual changes in active women.

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