Physical demands analysis of occupational tasks in neighborhood pubs

Appl Ergon. 2005 Sep;36(5):535-45. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2005.03.002.


This paper describes a case study of a neighborhood pub in British Columbia, Canada. This case study is an examination of three common pub occupations-bartending, waitressing and cooking (n = 17). The aims of this study are to determine the biomechanical loads of job tasks identified as physically demanding for the three occupations analyzed, to assess the potential risk of musculoskeletal injury in these job tasks, and to recommend injury prevention measures. Risk of musculoskeletal injury was assessed with four validated methods (RULA, NIOSH lifting equation, Shoaf pulling model, 3D Static Strength prediction program). Tasks commonly and frequently performed were observed to pose some risk to the working populations and require investigation and changes soon as indicated by the upper extremity and low-back assessment procedures used. Mean combined compression at the lumbrosacral disc in common tasks have been demonstrated to exceed the action limit described by NIOSH. Ligament strain was observed to reach as high as 18% at the lumbosacral joint.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Body Size
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lifting
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Activity / physiology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
  • Occupational Exposure*
  • Restaurants / classification*
  • Task Performance and Analysis*
  • Workload