c-MYC Asn11Ser is associated with increased risk for familial breast cancer

Int J Cancer. 2005 Nov 20;117(4):638-42. doi: 10.1002/ijc.21225.


c-MYC is a multifaceted protein that regulates cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. Its crucial role in diverse cancers has been demonstrated in several studies. Here, we analysed the influence of the rare c-MYC Asn11Ser polymorphism on familial breast cancer risk by performing a case-control study with a Polish (cases n = 349; controls n = 441) and a German (cases n = 356; controls n = 655) study population. All cases have been tested negative for mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. A joint analysis of the Polish and the German study population revealed a 54% increased risk for breast cancer associated with the heterozygous Asn11Ser variant (OR = 1.54, 95% CI 1.05-2.26, p = 0.028). The breast cancer risk associated with this genotype increases above the age of 50 years (OR = 2.24, 95% CI 1.20-4.21, p = 0.012). The wild-type amino acid Asn of this polymorphism is located in the N-terminal MYC transactivation domain and is highly conserved not only among most diverse species but also in the N-MYC homologue. Due to the pivotal role of c-MYC in diverse tumours, this variant might affect the genetic susceptibility of other cancers as well.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Asparagine / genetics*
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / chemistry
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / genetics*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Serine / genetics*


  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc
  • Serine
  • Asparagine