Microorganisms and Parasites in Chronic Infective Diarrhea

Acta Med Indones. Oct-Dec 2004;36(4):211-4.

Abstract

Aim: To reveal the pattern of microorganisms in chronic infective diarrhea cases.

Methods: We examined all patients suffering from chronic infective diarrhea over a six year period The patients were examined physically and at the same time laboratory tests,colon enema X-ray and colonoscopy, ileoscopy, upper GI endoscopy and small bowel X-ray were performed.

Results: We found 138 (66. 7%) chronic infective diarrhea from 207 chronic diarrhea patients. Parasitic causes were Candida albicans (48.55%), Blastocystis hominis (6.52%), Entamoeba histolytica (3.62%), and Giardia lamblia (3.62%) etc. Bacterial causes were Pathogenic E. coli(34.78%), Aerobacter aerogenes (3.62%), Mycobacterium tuberculosis (3.62%), Geotrichum (1.45%), Shigella sonnei(0. 72%), Salmonella paratyphi (2.89%)etc.

Conclusion: The most frequent microorganisms and parasites found in chronic infective diarrhea were pathogenic E.coli and Candida albicans.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Chronic Disease
  • Dysentery / epidemiology
  • Dysentery / microbiology*
  • Dysentery / parasitology*
  • Feces / microbiology
  • Feces / parasitology
  • Female
  • Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections / epidemiology
  • Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections / microbiology
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections / epidemiology
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections / microbiology
  • Humans
  • Indonesia / epidemiology
  • Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic / epidemiology
  • Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic / parasitology
  • Male
  • Mycoses / epidemiology
  • Mycoses / microbiology
  • Nematode Infections / epidemiology
  • Nematode Infections / parasitology