Counseling parents to quit smoking

Pediatr Nurs. Mar-Apr 2005;31(2):98-102, 105-9.

Abstract

It is estimated that 20%-50% of adult smokers reside with children, and the majority of these smokers (70%) continue to smoke inside their homes despite the adverse health effects of second hand smoke (SHS) for their children (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997). Smoking is more prevalent among parents with lower incomes and less education (U.S. Surgeon General's Report, 2002a). Young persons, ages 20-40 in the family child-rearing stage, are more likely to be smokers. However, they usually have less time and financial resources for quitting smoking. To prevent the adverse health effects of SHS for children, pediatric nurses must provide parents with accurate information on affordable smoking cessation education resources. Evidenced-based smoking cessation guidelines, the cost and efficacy of prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) pharmacological aids, and essential counseling tips for parents are reviewed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child Welfare*
  • Counseling / methods*
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / prevention & control
  • Depression / psychology
  • Educational Status
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Internet
  • Medical History Taking
  • Nonprescription Drugs / therapeutic use
  • Nurse's Role
  • Nursing Assessment
  • Parents / education*
  • Parents / psychology
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Pediatric Nursing / methods*
  • Prevalence
  • Self Efficacy
  • Smoking Cessation / methods*
  • Social Support
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / prevention & control*

Substances

  • Nonprescription Drugs
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution