In the early 1950s and 1960s, peritoneal dialysis (PD) was used primarily to treat patients with acute renal failure. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) was introduced in 1976 and continues to gain popularity as an effective method of renal replacement therapy for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The PD catheter is inserted into the abdominal cavity either by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or nephrologist. We have adopted a percutaneous approach with fluoroscopic guidance for PD catheter insertion that is easy, safe, and provides good patency and infection rate results. In this article we describe the technique and our results. From August 2000 to May 2003, 34 PD catheters out of 36 were successfully inserted using the percutaneous fluoroscopic technique in selected patients referred from the nephrology clinic. All the PD catheters were placed in our Interventional Nephrology Vascular Suite by nephrologists.