A monoclonal antibody against GBM heparan sulfate induces an acute selective proteinuria in rats

Kidney Int. 1992 Jan;41(1):115-23. doi: 10.1038/ki.1992.15.


After immunization of mice with partially-purified heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) isolated from rat glomeruli, a monoclonal antibody (mAb JM-403) was obtained, which was directed against heparan sulfate (HS), the glycosaminoglycan side chain of HSPG. In ELISA it reacted with isolated human glomerular basement membrane (GBM) HSPG, HS and hyaluronic acid, but not with the core protein of human GBM HSPG, and not with chondroitin sulfate A and C, dermatan sulfate, keratan sulfate and heparin. Furthermore, it did not bind to laminin, collagen type IV or fibronectin. Specificity of JM-403 for HS was also suggested by results of inhibition studies, which found that intact HSPG and HS, but not the core protein, inhibited the binding of JM-403 to HS. In indirect immunofluorescence on cryostat sections of rat kidney, a fine granular to linear staining of the GBM was observed, along with a variable staining of the other renal basement membranes. Pretreatment of the sections with heparitinase completely prevented the binding of mAb JM-403, whereas pretreatment with chondroitinase ABC or hyaluronidase had no effect. The precise binding site of mAb JM-403 was investigated by indirect immunoelectron microscopy. It revealed a diffuse staining of the whole width of the GBM. One hour after intravenous injection of JM-403 into rats, the mAb was detected along the glomerular capillary wall in a fine granular pattern, which shifted towards a more mesangial localization after 24 hours. No binding was observed anymore by day 15. Intravenous injection induced a dose-dependent, transient and selective proteinuria that was maximal immediately after the injection.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage
  • Basement Membrane / immunology
  • Binding Sites
  • Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans
  • Heparitin Sulfate / immunology*
  • Kidney Glomerulus / immunology*
  • Male
  • Proteinuria / etiology*
  • Proteoglycans / immunology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Time Factors


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans
  • Proteoglycans
  • Heparitin Sulfate