Physicians perceived usefulness of high-cost diagnostic imaging studies: results of a referral study in a German medical quality network

BMC Fam Pract. 2005 Jun 7;6(1):22. doi: 10.1186/1471-2296-6-22.


Background: Medical and technological progress has led to increased numbers of diagnostic tests, some of them inducing high financial costs. In Germany, high-cost diagnostic imaging is performed by a medical specialist after referral by a general practitioner (GP) or specialist in primary care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the physicians' perceived usefulness of high-cost diagnostic imaging in patients with different clinical conditions.

Methods: Thirty-four GPs, one neurologist and one orthopaedic specialist in ambulatory care from a Medical Quality Network documented 234 referrals concerning 97 MRIs, 96 CTs-scan and 41 intracardiac catheters in a three month period. After having received the test results, they indicated if these were useful for diagnosis and treatment of the patient.

Results: The physicians' perceived usefulness of tests was lowest in suspected cerebral disease (40% of test results were seen as useful), cervical spine problems (64%) and unexplained abdominal complaints (67%). The perceived usefulness was highest in musculoskeletal symptoms (94%) and second best in cardiological diseases (82%).

Conclusion: The perceived usefulness of high-cost diagnostic imaging was lower in unexplained complaints than in specific diseases. Interventions to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of test ordering should focus on clinical decision making in conditions where GPs perceived low usefulness.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Cardiac Catheterization / economics*
  • Cardiac Catheterization / statistics & numerical data
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Diagnostic Imaging / economics*
  • Diagnostic Imaging / statistics & numerical data
  • Family Practice / economics*
  • Family Practice / standards
  • Female
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / economics
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurology / economics*
  • Neurology / standards
  • Orthopedics / economics*
  • Orthopedics / standards
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care / economics*
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care / methods
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Technology, High-Cost / economics
  • Technology, High-Cost / statistics & numerical data
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / economics
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / statistics & numerical data