The nurse manager: job satisfaction, the nursing shortage and retention

J Nurs Manag. 2005 Jul;13(4):286-95. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2934.2005.00567.x.


A critical shortage of registered nurses exists in the United States and this shortage is expected to worsen. It is predicted that unless this issue is resolved, the demand for nursing services will exceed the supply by nearly 30% in 2020. Extensive analysis of this pending crisis has resulted in numerous recommendations to improve both recruitment and retention. The purpose of this article is to clearly outline the issues contributing to this problem, and to provide the nurse manager with information regarding specific influences on job satisfaction as it relates to job turnover and employee retention. To accomplish this, an analysis of the literature using both national and international sources is used to formulate the lessons learned as well as strategies and future courses of action designed to address this shortage.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Burnout, Professional / prevention & control
  • Burnout, Professional / psychology
  • Clinical Competence
  • Health Facility Environment / organization & administration
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Middle Aged
  • Morale
  • Nurse Administrators / organization & administration*
  • Nurse Administrators / psychology
  • Nurse's Role
  • Nursing Administration Research
  • Nursing Staff / education
  • Nursing Staff / psychology
  • Nursing Staff / supply & distribution*
  • Occupational Health
  • Personnel Selection / organization & administration*
  • Personnel Staffing and Scheduling / organization & administration
  • Personnel Turnover / statistics & numerical data*
  • Salaries and Fringe Benefits / statistics & numerical data
  • Social Change
  • United States
  • Workplace / organization & administration
  • Workplace / psychology