Purpose: : We examined whether men with erectile dysfunction (ED) are more likely to have hypertension than men without ED in a managed care setting.
Materials and methods: : We used a naturalistic cohort design to compare hypertension prevalence rates in 285,436 men with ED to that in 1,584,230 men without ED from 1995 through 2001. We also used a logistic regression model to isolate the effect of ED on the likelihood of hypertension after controlling for subject age, census regions and 9 concurrent diseases. The ED and the nonED cohort came from a nationally representative, managed care claims database that covers 51 health plans and 28 million members in the United States. Finally, the prevalence rate difference between members with and without ED, and the OR of having hypertension were calculated.
Results: : The hypertension prevalence rate was 41.2% in men with ED and 19.2% in men without ED. After controlling for subject age, census region and 9 concurrent diseases the OR was 1.383 (p <0.0001), which implies that the odds for men with ED to have hypertension were 38.3% higher than the odds for men without ED.
Conclusions: : Men with ED were more likely to have hypertension than men without ED. This evidence supports the hypothesis that ED shares common risk factors with hypertension. It also suggests that men with ED and clinicians could use ED as an alerting signal to detect and treat undiagnosed hypertension earlier.