Biosynthesis of an elastin-mimetic polypeptide with two different chemical functional groups within the repetitive elastin fragment

Macromol Biosci. 2005 Jun 24;5(6):494-501. doi: 10.1002/mabi.200400213.

Abstract

A new protein engineering strategy was utilized to synthesize an elastin-mimetic polypeptide. The primary structure represents an elastic motif composed of thirty amino acids with one lysine and one glutamic acid per repeat unit EMM = (VPGVG VPGKG VGPVG VPGVG VPGEG VPGIG). The gene was constructed using a Seamless Cloning method by generating three DNA cassettes which all encoded the EMM repeat unit, but with different flanking restriction recognition sites. The DNA cassettes were assembled to yield a gene that could be directly cloned into the multiple cloning site of pBluescript II SK+. The resulting gene (EMM)(7) with approximately 650 base pairs in length was further cloned into the expression vector pET-28b. Protein biosynthesis in E. coli strain BLR(DE3) resulted in the 21.5 kDa repeating polypeptide His(6)-(EMM)(7) yielding up to 50 mg . L(-1) of cell culture. Secondary structure analysis by far UV circular dichroism revealed a minimum at 197 nm and a shoulder at 218 nm indicative for a random coil with some type II beta-turn conformation content. Lower critical solution temperature (LCST) behavior strongly depends on salt and polypeptide concentration. Importantly, first cross-linking experiments indicate successful hydrogel formation with a surface structure reminiscent to natural elastin as visualized by SEM micrographs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Biomimetic Materials* / chemistry
  • Elastin / biosynthesis*
  • Elastin / chemistry
  • Elastin / genetics
  • Histidine / genetics
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
  • Temperature

Substances

  • polyhistidine
  • Histidine
  • Elastin