Spinal cord injury (SCI)--prehospital management

Resuscitation. 2005 Aug;66(2):127-39. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2005.03.005.


Up to 20,000 patients annually suffer from spinal cord injury (SCI) and 20% of these die before being admitted to the hospital in the United States as well as in the European Union. Prehospital management of SCI is of critical importance since 25% of SCI damage may occur or be aggravated after the initial event. Prehospital management includes examination of the patient, spinal immobilisation, careful airway management (intubation, if indicated, using manual in-line stabilisation), and cardiovascular support (maintenance of mean arterial blood pressure above 90 mm Hg) and blood glucose levels within the normal range. It is still not known whether additional specific therapy is useful. Studies have not demonstrated convincingly that methylprednisolone (MPS) or other pharmacological agents really have clinically significant and important benefits for patients suffering from SCI. Recently published statements from the United States also do not support the therapeutic use of MPS in patients suffering from SCI in the prehospital setting any more. Moreover, at this stage, it is not known whether therapeutic hypothermia or any further pharmacological intervention has beneficial effects or not. Therefore, networks for clinical studies in SCI patients should be established, as a basic requirement for further improvement in outcome in such patients.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Air Ambulances
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Emergency Medical Services / standards*
  • Female
  • First Aid / methods*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Immobilization
  • Injury Severity Score
  • Intensive Care Units
  • Male
  • Paraplegia / diagnosis
  • Paraplegia / therapy
  • Patient Care Team
  • Quadriplegia / diagnosis
  • Quadriplegia / therapy
  • Risk Assessment
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / mortality
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / therapy*
  • Survival Rate
  • Transportation of Patients
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Triage
  • United States